Henry Murray elaborated on this view of needs. He said that one's individual personality determines how strongly they desire each of the basic human needs. A few of his needs are listed in the below chart with the behaviors people take to meet their needs.
|Domain||Need for...||Representative behavior|
|Exhibition||Attempting to shock or thrill others|
|Inanimate objects||Acquisition||Obtaining things|
|Order||Making things neat and orderly|
|Defense of status||Infavoidance||Concealing a handicap or a failing|
|Defendance||Giving an explanation or excuse|
|Counteraction||Retaliating for something|
|Human power||Dominance||Directing others' behavior|
|Deference||Cooperating with or obeying someone|
|Autonomy||Standing up to authority|
|Aggression||Attacking or belittling others|
|Abasement||Apologizing or confessing|
|Blame avoidance||Stifling blameworthy impulses|
|Affection between people||Affiliation||Spending time with others|
|Nurturance||Taking case of someone|
|Succorance||Being helped by another|
|Play||Seeking diversion through others|
|Exchange of information||Cognizance||Asking questions of others|
|Exposition||Delivering information to others|
I think this is so interesting to me because I like how they tied the need into a behavior. That's what I'm usually most interested in. What is it exactly that motivates two people to react to identical situations in differing ways? These charts don't explain that per se, but they do offer some more insight. People have differing degrees of each of the needs, so their initial reflex is to meet the need they hold in highest regard. That's why people in a similar situation react differently: not only have they had different experiences which give different perspectives, they also gave different their goals prioritized differently, so they are searching for different results.
People are complex. This social thing is hard!